Seeking knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim. Acquiring beneficial knowledge is important and the knowledge of Deen al Islam (Religious Islamic Knowledge) takes utmost importance.
The books recommended to increase Muslims in religious knowledge are divided into two parts:
Part I: What Muslims Must Learn
Part II: Increase the knowledge to fully understand what must be learned (elaboration of part 1).
Part I: What Muslims Must Learn
1- The Holy Quran:
Quran is the final revealed Book of Allah. It is Allah’s greatest favor and gift upon us as He did not just create us and left us without guidance or knowledge, rather He Himself sent this Divine Book as a guide for all mankind. It is the complete and final message of Allah. Not a single letter has been modified or changed since its revelation which is a true miracle. It is the first book that all Muslims must read and memorize.
2 – The Hadiths of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
The second category of knowledge that a Muslim must acquire is the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). These teachings include the words, actions and the things approved by our beloved Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). His teachings are called Sunnah, which in written form is called Hadith. These Sunnah were transmitted down through the centuries having been memorized first by Prophet Muhammad’s (S) companions and then later by subsequent Muslims.
The Six Major Books of Hadith, known as Kutub as Sittah in Arabic, referred to as Sahah Sittah (The Six Authentic) are as follows:
Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abi Dawud, Jami’ at-Tirmidhi, Sunan An Nasa’i, Sunan Ibn Majah.
Part II: Increase the knowledge to fully understand what must be learned (elaboration of part 1)
After the basic knowledge of the Quran and Hadith, as Muslims we must try to further our knowledge of the religion by gradually gaining knowledge of the following:
The word Aqeedah is derived from the word ‘aqada’, which linguistically means to tie a knot, to fasten or hold firmly. According to scholars, it is the firm religious belief that the heart is fixed on without doubt.
Tafsir is the science which aims to make clear the true meaning of the Quran, the occasions of its revelation and its injunctions. It is the science of the explanation of the Quran.
Fiqh is Islamic jurisprudence. Fiqh means knowledge about legal Islamic rulings. It describes the details of Islamic obligations and duties and how to perform them.
- Seerah-Life of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)
Knowledge about the Prophet Muhammad’s (S) biography is known as ‘Seerah.’ Knowledge about our beloved Prophet’s (S) life gives us a deep understanding of the religion of Islam as well as a perfect example to follow of the most honored man on earth.
- The Arabic language:
Arabic is the language of the Quran and as Muslims, we must try our best to learn and understand this beautiful language that Allah chose to reveal the Quran in.
We ask Allah to guide us to beneficial knowledge that leads to His pleasure and satisfaction.