Arabic is the language in which the Holy Qur’an was revealed to our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The Arabs have been known for their eloquence and with the succession of civilizations; the Arabic language remains steadfast, retaining its status. This language is one of the most widespread languages around the world and many non-native speakers want to study and learn it. Arabic poetry has also been known for its eloquence, deep meanings, and expressions. Additionally, Arabic is taught in educational institutions as a subject and a prerequisite.
Features of Arabic Language
The Arabic language is the language of the Qur’an, which is full of miracles with verbal and nonfiction words of Allah Almighty; hence the language has gained importance that exceeded all the standards of eloquence and uniqueness. Arabic is a Semitic language, which has been preserving its linguistic and grammatical history since ancient times. Arabic is the language of many ancient peoples and tribes mentioned in histories such as Thamud and Aad and has also been mentioned by other religions.
The Arabic language contributed to the rise of many civilizations in terms of intellectual, scientific and literary developments. Arabic has proven great credibility of all developments in science and recent discoveries, which served as a strong motivation to learn Arabic by many non-native speakers. The Arabic language brought cultures closer together and facilitated communication.
The Arabic language is one of the most important systems of linguistic speech; the tongue and throat are used to pronounce letters and words. Main features of the Arabic language are listed below:
- Vocabulary: The lexicon of the Arabic language is characterized by the momentum of the vocabulary, its multiple meanings and renewed according to space and time. The vocabulary and structures are three-rooted and branching out many quartets, pentagonal words and many others.
- Pronunciation: Arabic is characterized by the way of pronunciation, which depends a lot on the language movements called formation. The meaning of the word changes according to its pronunciation and the formation of movements.
- Morphology: The morphology is based on the root system of words. It is possible to convert the singular to dual or plural and this method is unique to the Arabic language.
- Grammar: This is the basis of the sentence in the Arabic language, divided into a nominal sentence and a verbal sentence. The rules of grammar and grammatical foundations are key to the learning of this beautiful language that Allah SWT Himself chose as the language of the most important book; The Qur’an.